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2.2.1: Shared Notes Summary

Write a summary of what you read in 2.1 & 2.2. In just a few sentences describe the major points of 2.1 & 2.2.


USA’s Court System, creates a difference between the State Court System and the Federal Court System.  It is important to highlight that each state may name different their courts. Courts in the Sate System can be called superior courts, circuit courts, district courts, etc. We can find that Federal Courts, are organize in circuits depending on their geography location. This is important because depending on the area of the case, they should solve the matter on a different court. (Eugenia Delgado M)

State and Federal Court system is the structure in which the judicial branch is organized in the federal government and states. This structure and organization helps to determine which jurisdiction applies to your case. Some of the most important topics is the division of the Federal Courts System in districts, or the structure of Courts in Federal and State systems in which there are Courts of Appeal and Intermediate Level Courts. (Alejandro Guerrero)

As we can see in the past activities, they tell us about the operation of the state and federal courts, we know that the two, and to understand first I will mention the federal courts that have three levels; The Federal Courts of First Instance, the Intermediate Level Courts of Appeals and the Supreme Court.

The State Courts are State Courts of First Instance that are called as superior courts, there are the Intermediate Level State Courts of Appeal and the highest that as we know is the Supreme Court (Carlos Aguilera Arroyo)

The Court System in the United States is different between Federal Courts and States Courts.  If we want to know when we are talking about a Federal Court, we would read “United States’ ‘ in its name.  We can find out three different levels in each of them, Federal and State level. (Alejandro)  

In the United States, the Court System is divided by Federal Courts and State Courts. The Federal Courts have 3 different levels:

  • The Trial Level Federal Courts, known as United States District Courts.
  • The Intermediate Level Federal Appeal Courts, known as the Circuits Courts
  • The Supreme Court of the United States, which is the supreme Judicial authority.

The State Courts can have different names, but they’re also divided into 3 differente levels:

  • The Trial Level State Courts, that may be called superior, district or circuit courts.
  • The Intermediate Level State Appeal Courts, that can be called court of appeals or appellate division
  • The highest level which is called the state supreme court. 

(Adriana Chávez)

The US court system is divided in two: The Federal Court System and The State Court Systems. The Federal Court System is divided into: The Supreme Court of the United States, United States Circuit Courts of Appeals (13) and United States District Courts. Notice how these three include the words “United States” in the court. Each state has at least one federal judicial district and some have several federal districts. The State Court System is divided in the State Supreme Court, the Intermediate Level Appellate Courts and the Trial Level Courts. State court’s names are different from state to state. (Sofia Chavez)

The Us system is divided into federal and state courts. The federal system is structured by three levels: the trial level, the intermediate level and the supreme court whitch is the highest court hierarchically. Intermediate courts are also known as courts of appeals. Federal courts are organized by geography in circuits. (Montse) 

The Court System in the United States is divided between the Federal Courts and the State Courts. The Federal Courts are distributed in Circuit Courts which are organized geographically and it’s divided in three levels. Also each state has a three level organization just like the Federal Courts. In the readings we can find it’s names, how are they divided and with this we can find tips on how to recognize if we’re reading a Federal case or a State Case (Livier Padilla)

The United States court system is divided in federal and state system, each one is comprised of 3 levels of courts, in both systems there is the trial level, the courts of appeal and the highest courts. 

As an overall, it’s proper to say that both, points 2.1 and 2.2 of the activities, describe how the Federal and State Courts are like in the United States. Both of them have three levels of hierarchy in which different cases are reviewed. As of the Federal Courts system there are trial level federal courts known as the District Courts. Going upward we have the intermediate level federal appellate courts called Circuit Courts. And finally we have the United State’s Supreme Court which is the highest court. On the other hand, the state’s court system goes as follows. At the bottom of the pyramid we have the trial courts, and the name given to them depends on the state we’re talking of (superior courts, circuit courts, district courts, etc). Next, there are the intermediate level appeal courts often referred to as court of appeals or appellate division. Finally, the highest court which is almost always known as the state supreme court (with the exception of New York’s, its highest court is called Court of Appeals). Alejandra Uribe 

In lesson 2.1 and 2.2 we can read about how the US is divided into two types of courts system the Federal Courts and the State Courts. The federal court is divided into three levels; The TrialCourt known as the district courts, The Supreme Court known as the supreme authority and The Intermediate court known as the Circuit Courts. The States court is also divided into other three types of levels; The trial court that can be district or circuit courts, the intermediate court known as courts which appeals occur and the supreme court which is the one with more authority. Jose Angel Fernandez

In summary, in lessons 2.1 and 2.2 we learned about the distribution of federal and state courts in the United States, in the sense that there are lower courts, and appeal courts for the two levels of government. The intermediate level federal courts are called circuit courts and at the top of the federal judicial branch we have the US Supreme Court. As for the state courts, they are divided between Trial Courts, Appeal courts, and State Supreme Courts being the Trial Courts the lowest ones and the State Supreme Court the highest. In addition, federal circuit courts are sometimes grouped in geographical areas called circuits. Daniel Tapia

In activity 2.1-2.2  we can see the division of two types of courts, the federal courts and the state courts and its distribution of what can do each one, the federal is divided in 3 the trial, intermediate and supreme that is the highest one, these classified by levels. – Rodrigo De Anda

Act 2.1: We can see the division of the Court System in the Federal Courts and the State Courts, both have 03 different levels – Juan Pablo Álvarez

José Antonio Núñez Bravo – When it comes to courts in the United States, there is a specific tier which we most follow. First, there is the SCOTUS (highest court in the US), followed by the US Circuit Court of appeals and finally, the US District Courts, the lowest in hierarchy. It should be noted how there are 13 Circuit Court of appeals (from which 11 are established geographically) and depending on your location, you should try going to a specific local court, and if you appeal the result, then your case will move into a circuit court of appeals.

The United States can be both federal and state because they are side to side but also independent, there are 50 legal systems because every state can determine their own way of working, federal courts work in levels that are the trial level courts in the federal court system. District courts are the trial level courts in the federal court system.  Congress established at least one federal judicial district in each state

Activity 2.1 and activity 2.2: The United States has a dual court system, which means that there are both federal courts and state courts. Each court system has its own jurisdiction, and their roles are outlined in the US Constitution.

The federal court system consists of three levels of courts: district courts, circuit courts of appeals, and the Supreme Court as the high level of appeal. Emilio Fregoso